عنوان مقاله [English]
In psychological resources can be achieved at least three pers - pectives on the relationship bet -ween aspirations and life satisfac - tion; existence of relationship, non-existence of relationship, and dual relationship, based on the internal-external aspirations. Based on Islamic Amal Operation Model, (amal lit. aspiration) this study aimed to investigate the role of aspirations in life satisfaction, with descriptive and analytical method using multi-stage analysis of the Islamic authentic sources.
The results showed that based on Islamic Amal Operation Model that includes two subsystems: ‘Aql-oriented approaching sub - system (‘aql lit. intellect) and Jahl-oriented avoidance subsystem (jahl lit. ignorance), operates through three processes of expansion of Amal, shortening of Amal, and lengthening of Amal. The results also showed that the relationship between aspirations and life satisfaction is a dual process. In the first process mediated by ‘Aql structure, the aspirations have an increasing role in life
satisfaction, while in the second process mediated by Jahl structure, the aspirations play a decreasing role in life satisfaction.
Based on the consequences of lengthening, expanding and shortening of Amal, in the above processes, the mechanisms decreasing and increasing life satisfaction include: “ignoring the facts vs. considering the facts”, “forgetting the goal-directed action vs. Paying attention to the goal-directed action”, and “denial of definite beliefs vs. belief in definite beliefs” that each of them includes more subsidiary items.